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CHICAGO — Consumers pulled back from visits to midscale and casual dining restaurants in April, May, and June, continuing a four-year streak of visit losses for the full service segment.According to market researcher The NPD Group, the 1 percent growth in quick service restaurant (QSR) traffic compared to the same period last year, which offset full service restaurant losses in traffic. That slight gain by QSR kept total industry traffic stable in the second calendar quarter.
Foodservice eater checks rose an average of +2 percent in the second quarter despite slowed traffic growth. The check increase for the past two quarters lagged behind inflation for food away from home (+2.9 percent), but it was still the strongest rate of increase in over two years. Although some of the check increase can be attributed to price increases, foodservice visits on a deal were soft and full-priced visits posted growth, which would also drive checks up. These numbers are compiled by NPD, which continually tracks the foodservice industry based on consumer reporting of over 400,000 visits to foodservice outlets a year.
Consumers spent more in the second quarter, but it appears that price points come into play when consumers are choosing restaurants. With the $9.66 average check at midscale nearly twice that of QSR ($5.18) and casual dining at $13.31 two and a half times QSR's average check, consumers may feel they have some room to experiment with QSR offerings. Price and affordability are key influences on consumers' restaurant behavior but so are value, food quality and service, according to NPD's recently released report, Casual Dining Restaurants, Stop the Leaky Bucket, which examines customer motivations for selecting restaurants, cross purchasing and customer satisfaction to help full service restaurants increase visits.
Visits to casual dining restaurants declined by -2 percent in the quarter compared to the same quarter last year. Midscale traffic dropped by -3 percent. Traffic to non-commercial outlets continued to contract for the quarter with a -2 percent decline, which was driven by losses in foodservice visits to business and industry and to the education sector. Visits were up at all the QSR main meals while midscale restaurants absorbed traffic losses throughout the day. Casual dining supper, the segment's most important daypart and the one that garners the highest check, was weak, while lunch, the next important daypart, was stable.
"In our forecast for the balance of 2012 and 2013, the foodservice industry's growth is likely to depend on check increases with traffic remaining relatively flat," says Bonnie Riggs, NPD's restaurant industry analyst. "An improvement in the economy, especially reducing unemployment, would certainly help the industry improve."